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中国雅思考生常犯的语法错误分享

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  一直以来,语法基础薄弱是阻挡烤鸭们顺利屠鸭最大的障碍,所以,北京新东方烤鸭君提醒考生一定要注意总结自己常犯的语法错误,避免扣分。
  雅思官方有关口语评分标准中谈到:“口语练习的时候要录音,重放录音检查自己的语法错误,建议考生注意动词和时态的用法。如果语法错误严重影响沟通里解的话,就可能会导致扣分。”
  口语评分标准
  雅思写作的评分标准中也谈到考官将根据语法错误的程度酌情扣分,建议考生写完作文之后一定要抽出时间检查并修改错误,纠正这些错误将会帮助你提升成绩。
  写作Task 1 评分标准
  写作Task 2 评分标准
  那么,在雅思口语和写作考试中,中国考生常犯的语法错误有哪些呢?
  词汇语法错误
  01、名词单复数错误
  a. 有一些词后面一般要加可数名词的单数,如“any other, another, each, neither, either”。
  例句:Many teenagers begin smoking habits due to peer pressure but not for any other reasons.
  应改成:Many teenagers begin smoking habits due to peer pressure but not for any other reason.
  b. 有一些词或者短语后面一般要加不可数名词,如“a little, little, less, much, enormous, a large amount of ”。
  例句:Little progresses have been made towards tackling poverty.
  应改成:Little progress has been made towards tackling poverty.
  02、连词的使用错误
  a. 一般来说,两个连词不能同时用在句子中,典型的例子有:“because”和“so”, “although”和“but”。
  例句:Although the crime rate is falling in many parts of the world, but violent crimes are constantly rampant.
  应改成:Although the crime rate is falling in many parts of the world, violent crimes are constantly rampant.
  b. 多于一个的名词、动词、形容词等出现的时候,需要使用并列连词“and,but”或者“or”。
  例句:Smoking, drinking are banned in many places of work.
  应改成:Smoking and drinking are banned in many places of work.
  句子语法错误
  01、主谓不一致
  a. 不可数名词作主语的时候谓语动词一定是单数;如果主语是“...of...”的词组,谓语的数需要和“of”之前的名词保持一致。
  例句:The adequacy of financial resources are crucial to the operation of a not-for-profit organisation.
  应改为:The adequacy of financial resources is crucial to the operation of a not-for-profit organisation.
  d. 当主语后跟着“with, together with, coupled with, combined with, as well as, like”的时候,谓语动词跟随主语变化。
  例句:Overworking, coupled with poor diet, lead to physical degeneration.
  应改为:Overworking, coupled with poor diet, leads to physical degeneration.
  02、双谓语错句
  a.There be句型属于双谓语错句高发句型,因为句中的be动词已经是谓语,而句子后面的动词通常是定语从句中的成分,故不能作为主句中的谓语。
  例句:There are many people agree to keep pets at home.
  应改成:There are many people who agree to keep pets at home.
  b.动词做主语
  例句:Do part-time jobs helps students to relieve their financial burden.
  应改成:Doing part-time jobs helps students to relieve their financial burden.
  03、不间断句子
  例句:There are many ways we get to know the outside world.
  应改为:There are many ways for us to learn about the outside world.
  其他语法错误
  01、标点符号用错
  例句: As far as I am concerned,people should take exercise and relax themselves on a weekly basis. Because it offers great opportunities to release their stress.
  剖析:Because引导的句子做原因状语从句,既然是从句,那么前面就不应该使用句号使其独立成句,而应该改成逗号,because首字母小写。
  应改成: As far as I am concerned,people should take exercise and relax themselves on a weekly basis, because it offers great opportunities to release their stress.
  02、修饰语错位
  同一个修饰语置于句子不同的位置,句子的含义可能引起变化。
  例句:I believe I can do it well and I will better know the world outside thecampus.
  应改成:I believe I can do it well and I will know the world outside thecampus better.
  03、措辞错误
  例句:The increasing use of chemical obstacles in agriculture also makes pollution.
  分析:显然,考生把obstacles“障碍”,“障碍物”误作substance“物质”了。另外“the increasing use(不断增加的使用)”应改为“abusive use(滥用)”。
  应改为:The abusive use of chemical substances in agriculture also causes/leadsto pollution.
  快检查下,你出现过这些情况么?


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