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GMAT语法之逻辑语义中的功能平行

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  下面为大家带来GMAT语法常用知识点:逻辑语义中的功能平行一文,希望对大家GMAT备考有所帮助。更多备考技巧建议报班学习,北京新东方的GMAT一对一班就很不错。

  GMAT语法常用知识点:逻辑语义中的功能平行

  逻辑语义的平行区别于单纯意义上语法的平行,所以在做题过程中,我们不能仅仅根据形式对称,时态一致,介词一样等等来简单判断,必须根据题目的含义和内在进行细致的甄别。

  下面,我们来看一道题目:

  First discovered more than 30 years ago, Lina's sunbird, a four-and-a-half-inch animal found in the Philippines and that resembles a hummingbird, has shimmering metallic colors on its head; a brilliant orange patch, bordered with red tufts, in the center of its breast; and a red eye.

  A found in the Philippines and that resembles

  B found in the Philippines and that, resembling

  C found in the Philippines and resembling

  D that is found in the Philippines and it resembles

  E that is found in the Philippines and that, resembling

  解析:

  这道题正确答案选 C。但是起初乍看,大家有可能会排除 C,因为 and 左右两边分别是 found 和resembling,不平行。但如果从功能平行的角度去看,会发现无论是 found in 还是 resemling 都是作为定语,修饰共同的对象 animal。所以其实是功能平行。
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